Noah's Ark Newsletter, part 10
NOAH'S ARK CONCLUSIONS
Another Evidence Which Shouts the Truth
The remains of the ark are resting on a mountainside with a very
large section of bedrock limestone extending through its midsection. Radar
has confirmed that the limestone is bedrock and not a loose boulder which
rolled down the hill- it is a part of the foundation rock. What
explanation is there for the presence of this huge mass of rock extending
into the ship?
In 1984, Ron and Orhan Baser found what they now are certain is a 120
by 40 foot section of the bottom of the ark, a mile or so above its
present location. For a moment, let's take our thoughts back to the time
the water receded and the ark first rested on the earth. At that time, the
face of the earth would be extremely muddy. As the water slowly receded
and the ark was gently lowered to the earth, it sank into the mud by
increments. The very bottom kept extending deeper and deeper into this
The evidence indicates that there was probably a bilge keel of some
description on the bottom of the ship. A bilge keel is a fin-like
projection extending downward from the center keel along the bottom, as is
seen on sailboats. This fin would have provided the ship resistance to
sideways tilting, but it would have had another advantage. As the ark
slowly sank into the mud, this fin would have held the ship in an
upright position after it was on the ground. Then, when God "made a wind
to pass over the earth," which caused the mud to dry out, the ship was
held fast in an upright position.
Hopefully, we can scan this area with the radar to determine if a bilge
keel is present, but for now this is only Ron's theory. And even it there
wasn't a bilge keel, the ark still would have sunk down into the mud and
held fast. When the lava carried the ship down the mountainside, this
section of the hull remained in the earth breaking away in the process. This left a very large hole in
the bottom of the hull which David determined existed by his use of the MFG, and which
Ron later found to exist with the radar scans. The fact that Dave was able
to determine this with the MFG is tremendous evidence that the device is
highly reliable despite the bad name it has received from those not
familiar with it.
The Crash into the Limestone Outcropping
When the ark, sliding sideways down the mountainside, hit the large
outcropping of limestone, it was literally impaled on the large rock. It
extended into the midsection of the ship and was the only thing which held
the ark at its present location. Since the decks had collapsed, the
timbers which held the ribs in their upright position (the deck joists)
were broken, and there was nothing to keep the sides from falling outward. As the ark rotated into alignment with the direction of the lava flow
(after becoming lodged on the rock), the ribs were thrown outward to some
degree, around the midsection, especially on the starboard side. This is a splaying effect.
The end that made the widest swing outward suffered the most outward
collapse, and this is what gives the ship its appearance of being wider
than it should be. Keep in mind, however, that the ribs did not fall
completely outward, but only splayed enough to give the ship a 138 foot
width at the widest point, when the original width was 87 feet. The
biblical width of 50 cubits was measured when identifying the
internal structures with radar such as the bulkheads within the formation.
The metal detector scans done in August of 1985, showed how the internal
structure near the surface was literally wrapped around the rock,
similar to a car that is wrapped around a telephone pole in an accident. The pattern, revealed by metal detector scans, shows the broken structure members
literally wrapped around the rock.
The Ballast- Pre Flood Slag
The strange material Ron and Orhan found scattered all over the bottom
section of the ark, at the site further up the mountainside, proved to be
identical to the unusual material found falling out in massive
amounts from the hull on the northern end. This is ballast material and is
what first attracted John Baumgardner's interest after Jim Irwin sent him
the specimen Ron had given him from the site above the ark. It contains a
negligible amount of inorganic carbon, as contrasted with the petrified
wood, but it contains an incredible amount of manganese dioxide (over 80%)
and titanium. One analysis revealed a 74% titanium content. The importance
of this specimen is that it displays attributes which indicate that it is
slag, or the waste product of some type of metal alloy production.
What is Ballast?
Ballast is an absolute necessity for any ship. It is any material of
weight which is placed in the hull for purposes of stabilizing the ship,
keeping it trim, etc. For more information on this subject, look up
shipbuilding in your encyclopedia. You will find that it is not something that
is optional for a ship, but is a necessity. A ship the size of the ark would
definitely have had ballast of some type. The evidence at the ark shows that
the builders of the ark used a most ingenious substance for their ballast.
Metal Alloy Production
To find a shipwreck on the side of a mountain with a massive amount of
heavy substance falling out of its hull (material which is identical to
slag), indicates perhaps that as the metal objects used in the ship
construction were fashioned, the metal waste products were gathered and placed in
the hull. This makes an incredible amount of sense. A ship of this size
would have required a great deal of ballast, and the metal production was the perfect
But what makes us think there was metal production before the flood?
Aside from the presence of a great deal of metal alloys at even intervals in the
ship, Manganese, which is found in extremely high concentrations
in these ballast specimens, is used in the production of many alloys:
"More than 95 percent of the manganese produced is used in the form of ferro alloys by the metal industries, chiefly for steel manufacture....
Produced without manganese, steel breaks up when hot-rolled or forged.
Steels generally contain less than 1 percent manganese. Manganese steel
(12-14 percent manganese) is used for very rugged service; it presents a
hard, wear resistant, and self-renewing surface over a wrought unbreakable
core. Manganese produced electrolytically is used mostly in steelmaking
but also in the production of nonferrous alloys of copper, aluminum,
magnesium and the nickel-base alloys and in the production of high purity
chemicals. Practically all commercial alloys of aluminum and magnesium
contain manganese to improve corrosion resistance and mechanical
properties" Encyclopaedia Brittannica, 1985 ed., vol. vi, page 563,
On one analysis of the ballast material, John Baumgardner wrote:
"tailings of aluminum alloyed production" and signed his name and wrote
"Los Alamos." This particular specimen contained 31.44% manganese, 41.95%
titanium, no iron, 11.33% silicon, and 7.19% aluminum, among other
constituents. This indicates that there was perhaps more than one type of
alloy included in these various ballast specimens- and this one was the
waste product of aluminum production.
"Aluminum-manganese alloys are popular for cooking utensils, heat
exchangers, chemical equipment, storage tanks,... Adding major amounts
(about 10 percent) of silicon to commercially pure aluminum yields an
alloy with a relatively low melting point.... Because silicon imparts
great fluidity to molten metal, this alloy is used in castings. The
addition of up to 5 percent magnesium yields an alloy with good tensile
strength, weldability, hardness and corrosion resistance in marine
atmospheres.... Adding both silicon and magnesium to aluminum produces
alloys that are easily formed, machined, welded, and finished, have good
resistance to corrosion, and are of medium strength." Ibid., vol. 1, page
644, under subject "Aluminum Products and Production"
The ballast materials under the electron microscope, display the
appearance of slag and can therefore be identified with confidence. The
exact type of metal production they were created from cannot be stated with
precision. But because of the content of the specimens, which are
consistent with present day processes of metal alloy production, it can be
stated with confidence that these ARE remnants of slag. The large amount of manganese
was expended as a waste product, although required in the production
of the alloy, only a small percentage remained in the resulting product.
The excess was spun off as slag, along with a small amount of the other
elements used in the alloy production.
The discovery of titanium in such a high concentration is of special
interest. The process by which titanium could be produced as a metal has
only been known since 1936. "Although the element titanium had been known
since its initial discovery in 1791 by William Gregor in England, and its
identification in rutile in 1795 and in ilmenite in 1797, it was not until
William Justin Kroll, a German refuge in the U.S., invented a
magnesium-reduction process in 1936 that the production of metallic
titanium became feasible. The process, which Kroll gave to the U.S. Bureau
of Mines for development, remains in its original form or modifications
thereof, the principle method used today for winning titanium metal from
its ores." "Ibid., vol. 18, page 455, under subject heading "Titanium
Products and Production."
The advantage of titanium as a metal is its tremendous strength and
light weight, which is why today it is used in medical and space age
technologies. The quantitative elemental analyses of the rivet-head Ron
found in 1991, revealed 8.62% aluminum, 10.38% iron, 1.33% magnesium, and
2.7% sodium, as well as 1.92% titanium. Interestingly, the process for
refining titanium involves SODIUM AND MAGNESIUM and sure enough, both were
there! "The high-purity titanium tetrachloride produced is
reduced to metallic titanium by reaction with magnesium or sodium. The
Kroll process, which uses magnesium, and modifications that used sodium,
as the reducing agents, are batch processes conducted in larger reactors."
Ibid., p. 456.
The combined analyses of the fossilized rivet provide more than ample
evidence that it was composed of an alloy which contained aluminum, iron
and titanium; an alloy which would be extremely strong, lightweight and
resistant to the corrosion of sea waters. Is all of this coincidence?
The ballast contains elements which are completely consistent with that of
aluminum, titanium and iron alloy productions. The rivet contains elements
which are consistent with a very high-tech alloy.
For further evidence, "The major alloying elements that are added to
titanium are aluminum, vanadium, molybdenum, manganese, iron and
chromium." "Ibid." ) All three analyses of the rivet show iron, aluminum,
and manganese, vanadium and chromium. Perhaps one or two of these things
could be accepted as coincidence, but the entire picture is one that
cannot be denied.
In June of 1985, when Ron, Dave Fasold and John Baumgardner all
surveyed the site with metal detectors, Dave found a specimen which John
stated on camera, displayed the appearance of wrought iron. Dave Fasold
wrote about the results of John's later analyses of the iron specimens in
his book, "The Ark of Noah", p. 255: "I hurriedly opened the first-class
envelope labeled `Los Alamos National Laboratory.' It contained the
semi-quantitative analysis of the iron samples were had recovered from the
Ark. The stoichio-metric results were impressive, with the seven running
from 60 percent through 91.84 percent FE2O3. The highest reading was
obtained from an angular bracket."
The angular bracket was the specimen John had identified as having the
appearance of wrought iron. The large iron content of the petrified
timbers again verifies the fact that the flowing water which effected the
petrification process had traveled over a large amount of iron objects
before it arrived at the timber being petrified. Where did this iron come
from? Certainly not the surrounding terrain which displayed an only
negligible iron content. The evidence indicates that probably various
alloys were produced for use in different objects, depending on what
properties were required. In fact, the evidence is TOO circumstantial to
be interpreted any other way except that it shows conclusive proof of
metal alloys used in the ark.
The "Manganese Nodules" Theory
One "learned scientist", proclaiming to be a Christian,
rejects all the evidences found at the site. Why? Because after he was
made aware of it, he continued to raise money to continue searching on Mt.
Ararat, a project which was his favorite. While he hasn't bothered to
present any legitimate reasons refuting most of the evidence, (preferring
to state simply that he has investigated it thoroughly three times), he DOES
present an argument against some of the ballast material. After all, these
specimens are some of the most incredible and important evidences, and to
speak out against them requires an alternate explanation.
He attacks the analysis of one particular specimen, the one which
contains 84.14% manganese dioxide, stating simply that it is nothing but a
"manganese nodule", something that is found all over the ocean floor and
is therefore quite common. Let's look at that claim.
First of all, this site isn't the ocean floor - it is 6,300 feet above
it, and thousands of miles from the Pacific Ocean, which is where these
nodules are commonly found. But let's not take that into consideration.
Let's check into these nodules and see what characteristics they have.
"...these manganese nodules contain as much as 2.5 percent copper, 2.0
percent nickel, 0.2 percent cobalt and 35 percent manganese. In some
deposits, the content of cobalt and manganese is as high as 2.5 percent
and 50 percent respectively. Such concentrations would be considered
high-grade ores if found in land,..." "Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1985 ed.,
vol. 13", page 503, under subject heading "Oceans and Seas".
The 50% manganese content, we have just read, is considered the highest
percentage to be found in these nodules, as well as in land ores. The
average is considered to be 35%. Yet, our analyses of these ballast
specimens show 87%, 84% and 80%- far above what is found in these nodules.
Also, the nodules contain cobalt and nickel, yet these are not present in
the ballast specimens. In addition, there is the size to be considered.
The nodules are stated to be an average of about 4 centimeters (slightly
less than 2 inches), yet some of THESE specimens are 10 inches in diameter
and more. These factors, combined with the fact that the ballast specimens
contain other elements NOT found in the manganese nodules is more than
enough evidence to rule out that theory.
"I Don't See Any Petrified Wood?"
One would think that trained scientists would be able to recognize the
fragments found scattered all the way around the ship as pieces of
petrified wood- but they don't. Why? Because they are trained
evolutionists- they are taught, and firmly believe, that all petrified
wood displays growth rings. But without a belief in the Biblical account,
they do not understand or believe that prior to the flood, (which they
don't believe in) conditions were such that growth rings DID NOT OCCUR.
Genesis 2:5 "And every plant of the field before it was in the earth,
and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD GOD HAD NOT
CAUSED IT TO RAIN UPON THE EARTH, and there was not a man to till the
ground. 6 But THERE WENT UP A MIST FROM THE EARTH, AND WATERED THE WHOLE
FACE OF THE GROUND."
This Scripture has just told us that there was no rain before the
flood, which is probably one of the reasons that the world would not
believe there was a Flood coming. The laws of nature which would be in
effect in order to have no rain, but to have this "mist" which "watered
the whole face of the earth" would include a very constant temperature.
This temperature would not have varied over more than 10 or so degrees.
This relatively small variation in temperature would not have been great
enough to cause the water in the air to totally condense into raindrops,
but would instead produce an effect similar to that found in a greenhouse or a
Each day, in the cool of the evening, dew would appear on the ground.
In the morning, this dew would evaporate as the temperature would rise. Day
after day, this cycle would continue, keeping a perfect balance of
moisture both in the air and on the soil.
What Causes Growth Rings?
Growth rings in trees and other plants are caused by a variation in the
water supply to the plant. Annual rings today occur when the temperature
drops and the sap in the tree fails to rise. The leaves of the deciduous
trees turn color and die, soon dropping off. In the spring, the warmth
releases the tree from its state of hibernation and the sap begins to
flow again. Even though there may be water in the ground, when the
temperature drops, the tree does not continue its cycle until it is again
spring. Therefore, a ring results when the growth is temporarily halted.
Sometimes, weather conditions, such as a drought, can result in
numerous rings in one season. During a severe drought, the tree is
deprived of its water supply and growth halts temporarily. Then, a rain
comes along and growth resumes during the same season- and here we have
rings in one year. There is no way to determine the number of rings which
belong to one year, so this method is not reliable in determining a tree's
age. The petrified wood which contains rings, such as that found in
Arizona, is post-flood.
Even the evolutionists admit the absence of growth rings in wood from
what they call the "Carboniferous" period: "There was, as we have already
said, secondary bark and wood, similar to that of modern trees but lacking
the spring and winter rings which correspond to seasonal alternation of
moisture and dryness. This is a further proof that the Carboniferous
climate was fairly uniform." (Larousse Encyclopedia of the Earth, p. 369.)
The Blind CANNOT See the Truth
Before the flood, without an annual cessation of water supply and with
a constant temperature, the trees grew at a uniform rate continually. No
growth rings were formed. But try and tell this to an evolutionist
scientist. He simply will not accept it and therefore will never recognize
the petrified wood at Noah's Ark as being wood. So here we have a perfect
example of a promise given in the Bible: Romans 1:28 "And even as they did
not like to retain God in their knowledge, GOD GAVE THEM OVER TO A
REPROBATE MIND, to do those things which are not convenient."
When man rejects God and His Truth as HE told it through His Holy Word,
God gives him over to Satan, that he will not be able to recognize truth.
He will absolutely not accept it because through his rejection of Truth,
he is blind. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 "And for this cause God shall send them
strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be
damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness."
Sadly, this is a fact, so don't ever expect the world at large to accept
the evidence God has so mercifully provided.
For those who DO want the truth, even though they may have been
taught lies, their eyes will be opened. John 8:32 "And ye shall know the
truth, and the truth shall make you free." It would be foolish to expect a
4,300 year old wooden ship to remain intact today, unless it was buried in
the hot, dry sands of Egypt, like Cheops' sun boat. It could not be
expected to survive at all in the extreme seasons present in the Ararat
region, if it were left exposed to the elements all these years. The wood
would have long ago rotted and the metal fittings would have oxidized.
But protected in the lava flow, its presence was preserved in timbers
turned to stone. Then, the simple outline of its shape was the only clue
to its nature in the 1950s. At that time, no evidence was visible or
In 1978, the small earthquake dropped the soil from around its sides,
revealing on one side, empty holes where rib timbers had fragmented and
fallen away after suffering "frost wedging." On the other side, rib
timbers which remained in place in the earth, but which are still
fragmented, could be seen by the color difference between them and the
Its length is exactly 300 royal Egyptian cubits, or 515 feet, the only cubit Moses
would have known. The "Hebrew" cubit was of varying lengths at different
times, and wouldn't come into use for many years after Genesis was
In 1984, metal detectors revealed the presence of a regular pattern of
metal readings both along the top and sides of the ark. In 1985, this
pattern was plotted over the entire length of the ship, revealing the
perfect shape of a ship.
In 1986 and 1987, radar scans showed internal structures which were
completely consistent with the inside of a ship containing rooms and
chambers, as well as three decks.
Analyses of specimens from the ark show various types of metals which display evidences
of being wrought and alloyed. The hull is full of material which is
precisely consistent with slag of very advanced metal production.
The technology for producing this type of metal wasn't known to modern man until 1936 and 1948.
It is in the mountains of Ararat, in a mountain configuration which
matched the crescent-shape of Ron's experiment of placing "mountains" in a
stream and floating a miniature boat past it, then watching the boat move
within the crescent shape.
All coincidences? No- I'd stake MY LIFE on it.
Not too long ago, a precious Christian lady called and asked if she
could bring her father over to visit us- she was concerned because he had
trouble believing the biblical account. It was his 85th birthday and he
had come to spend it with his family. When he saw one of the traditional
ark hunters on Christian TV claiming to have found the ark on Mt. Ararat,
he got excited and told her if someone could prove the ark was real, he
would be able to believe the Bible.
They came over and he was a perfectly delightful, educated and
well traveled man. We spent the entire afternoon and evening sharing all
the evidences with him. He wasn't the type to be snookered- he was in full
possession of all his reasoning abilities. He returned to his home out of
the state, and a few weeks later, we received a letter from him with a
newspaper clipping. It was a "letter to the editor" he had sent to his
local paper. He wrote about the difficulty he had in believing the Bible,
his visit with us and the evidences he had seen with his own eyes.
But it was the last two lines that brought tears to my eyes: "I now know
that the God of the Bible is the one true God and that all that is in the
Bible is truth. So I can say that my 85th birthday was the greatest." Just
yesterday, we received a note from his daughter in which she tells of her
conversation with him after he returned home. She asked him if he would
pray with her and ask Jesus to come into his life. His reply was that he
"had already done that." Thank you, Paul, for sending that article. It
makes it all worth while!
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